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Network Cabling Installation in Orlando

High Density Wi-Fi Deployments in Stadiums and Auditoriums: Protecting Access Points

As mobile technology becomes more and more ubiquitous, users tend to expect that they can pull out their smart phone, tablet or laptop computer at most public venues and be able to access the Internet quickly and reliably. However, installing the needed infrastructure into a place as crowded as a sports stadium or auditorium. This can be a challenge for multiple reasons, including but not limited to the following.

  • Spectrum Saturation: Too many wireless devices competing for the frequency bands used by wireless technology can result in unreliable operation or decreased speed.
  • Larger areas such as stadiums, especially those that are packed with people and objects that interfere with signal transmission, may need multiple access points spaced substantial distances away from each other.
  • In order to provide outdoor Internet connectivity, it is ideal to place access points outside. Most wireless access points cannot operate in extreme heat or cold. They also cannot cope with moisture. There is also the possibility of physical abuse or theft. The devices could also be damaged during routine cleaning operations.

The following approaches can help to alleviate these issues, thus ensuring the most reliable network experience possible for stadium and auditorium patrons.


Access points typically offer a number of "channels," which are frequency ranges in which the device will receive and transmit. Depending on your country, which frequencies are available will vary. When implementing multiple access points in a small space, set them each to operate on a different channel whenever possible. If access points must share a channel, position those access points as far away from each other as you can.


Newer access points are available in hardened configurations. Many of these are able to withstand temperatures below zero degrees or above 110 degrees Fahrenheit. Many of these incorporate passive temperature control solutions that do not require forced air convection. However, most of these access points must still be kept out of the possible path of liquids. They must also be safeguarded from physical abuse or theft.


Your access points may have an adjustable "Xmit Power" setting. Raising this value can extend the range of the network. Note, however, that the transmission power of your patrons' electronic devices also plays a key role in network performance. For safety and legal reasons, read up on FCC regulations and RF energy exposure levels before setting a very high transmission power.


This may initially seem counter-intuitive. Some patrons may be close to the maximum range of your wireless network and thereby experiencing poor performance. Decreasing the data transmission rate of the access point can help to extend the range of the network, thus improving the stability of the connection. Maximum throughput will be decreased, of course. However, for most patrons who simply need to access a few web pages, send e-mail or check their social networking sites, one to two megabits of bandwidth is more than enough.

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